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The Talk City home page. See more pictures of popular web sites.People have been using the Internet for real-time communication since very early in the medium's development. Indeed, our current obsession with text messaging is only the latest version of real-time chatting.Early versions were simplistic and required knowledge of a program such as Telnet to log in. Instant messaging allowed people to chat with their friends and added innovations such as the ability to send image files or use emoticon smileys. For the ancient Greeks, the agora served this purpose and fostered the earliest ideals of democracy. From those lofty origins were born salons, coffee shops, town halls and every other place that people have met for reasons social or political.Talk City is a Web site that allows users to enter chat rooms and discuss a number of different topics using a simple interface. Since its inception in 1996, Talk City has been at the forefront of social networking Web sites that allow real-time chat features. In fact, the site is home to some of the oldest online communities in existence. And while Talk City's influence and membership levels have declined in recent years, it still has a loyal following among some Web users.This article will explain how Talk City works and describe the site's place in the history of social networking Web sites.Screenshot by HowStuffWorks.comUsing Talk City is very simple. It's essentially a semi-private IRC server. IRC stands for Internet Relay Chat, an older protocol used for online chatting. There are numerous IRC servers, each of which hosts channels on a variety of topics. To connect to an IRC server, a user simply needs the proper software client, and there are free clients available for virtually any operating system.Talk City allows most users to access their IRC network via a Java client that runs on the Talk City Web page. However, purchasing a membership (which costs just $7.77 per year) allows users to access the Talk City server with any IRC client they want to use. Users choose their own nickname when they create an account. They can also create a profile that includes photos or other information, and other users can view this profile directly from the Talk City Java chat room. The main screen shows whatever the other users have entered into the chat in chronological order. It looks something like this:Alice: the weather is lovely out todayFred: Not here, it's raining cats and dogs.Alice: I think I'll go to the park. all about private wow servers Sam: Good idea, I'll take my dog to the park!Johann: Go Cubs!If there are a lot of users in a room, it can get a bit confusing when multiple conversations are going on at the same time. It's also possible to send private messages to someone. These messages won't be seen by the other people in the room.There are also games that can be played using Talk City. They're mostly trivia games run by bots, programs that automatically display the questions in the chat window, track each player's answers and score points for correct responses.Up next, we'll look at some of the benefits of Talk City. They're not restricted to posting updates or chatting with people on a specific network or friends list. They can also chat with large groups of people at once, rather than chatting one-on-one.Using Talk City offers advantages over traditional IRC servers because members can create profile pages. Also, users who have signed up for paid memberships have to input credit card information, making it less likely that they will be abusive or deceitful (since Talk City knows who they are). Talk City can also police its server and prevent people from deploying malicious programs or viruses. A paid basic membership opens up several new features not available to free members, and costs $7.77 per year; however, if you want to run your own chat room on Talk City, it costs $49.50 per year. Each chat room is moderated by the room owner and anyone else who has been designated a moderator, or mod. Mods can restrict topics, the use of adult language, the age of people entering the room and they can even create a waiting period during which a user who enters a room for the first time can't talk.For more information on social networking sites, channel over to the next page.A Brief History of Talk CityTalk City was founded in 1996 by former Apple executives [source: Pelline]. The site attracted millions of dollars in investment funds, and for several years was a popular Web destination. In fact, it was used as the official chat site for several corporations and entertainment companies. H&R Block even used Talk City to host official tax advice chats in 2000 [source: Business Wire]. Also in 2000, Talk City found itself at the center of some controversy when it restricted access to WebTV users, an Internet interface that was popular at the time [source: Net4TV]. However, the growing popularity of instant messaging and the eventual rise of more versatile social networking sites like MySpace and Facebook led to a decline in Talk City's user numbers. Today, only a few hundred people can be found chatting on Talk City on most days, generally concentrated in a select few chat rooms.Are social networking sites addictive?Are social networks good for job productivity?10 Things You Should Never Share on Social NetworksBusiness Wire. "Talk City and H&R Block Offer Online Tax Chat Series; Custom Web Events Provide Public Easy Access To Tax Experts." Feb. 23, 2000. (June 29, 2009) http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0EIN/is_2000_Feb_23/ai_59611319/Kornblum, Janet. "NBC invests in Talk City." CNET News. March 10, 1998. (June 29, 2009) http://news.cnet.com/NBC-invests-in-Talk-City/2100-1023_3-208889.htmlNet4TV staff. "Audio Chat: Talk City Explains." Net4TV. April 9, 2000. (June 29, 2009) http://www.net4tv.com/voice/story.cfm?storyid=2177Pelline, Jeff. "Talk City chats up growth plan." CNET News. June 7, 1997. (June 29, 2009) http://news.cnet.com/Talk-City-chats-up-growth-plan/2100-1023_3-200144.html